Spontaneous transmission froma father to his son of a Y chromosome microdeletion involving the deleted in azoospermia (DAZ) gene
A.E. Calogero*, M.R. Garofalo*, N. Barone*, G.A. Longo*, A. De Palma*, M. Fichera*, G. Rappazzo**, R. D’Agata*, and E. Vicari*
*Section of Endocrinology, Andrology and Internal Medicine, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Master in Andrological and Human Reproduction Sciences, and **Department of Animal Biology, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

Microdeletions of the so-called azoospermia factor (AZF) locus of the Y chromosome long arm (Yq) have been recognized as an etiological factor of severe oligozoospermia or azoospermia. Because of this, patients affected are generally infertile unless assisted reproductive techniques are used. We report the case of an oligozoospermic patient (proband) who inherited an extensive Yq microdeletion from his father through a spontaneous pregnancy. Leukocyte DNA was extracted using a commercially available kit. A total of 22 pairs of sequence-tagged site (STSs) based primers, spanning the entire AZF region, were used for the screening. Both the proband and his father carried a Yq microdeletion of the most distal AZF subregion (AZFc) where the deleted in azoospermia (DAZ) gene is located. The proband’s father was a sixty-nine-yr-old man who had 3 other children, 2 females and 1 male. This case adds further evidence that the deletion of the DAZ gene is associated with different phenotypic expressions, including normal fertility. (J. Endocrinol. Invest. 25: 631-634, 2002) ©2002, Editrice Kurtis

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